Anne Smedinghoff Didn’t Have to Die Part 2

Pete Turner

Break It Down Show Host, Professional Speaker and Cultural Consultant.–What’s your “Ground Truth?”

Mar 29, 2016

Last week I wrote about the tragedy of Anne Smedinghoff, who died on a patrol in Qalat Afghanistan.  This is part 2 of the story–

My intention here is to illustrate HOW? rather than “what” we (Dr. Rich Ledet and I) did regarding the proper means to improve education in rural Afghanistan.  I submit that our method is more reliable, predictable, measurable and can be replicated; yay scientific method.

Dr. Ledet and I leveraged an unusually strong partnership with a key Afghan political-religious leader.  More than simply believing that we had a great relationship, we’d taken steps to build and validate the strength of our partnership, leveraging tools I had personally developed over years of immersion in conflict environments.

To begin with, we avoided the common US “crutch” of dominance, never assuming that we were “in charge.”  Not only did we share many meals and tea with him, but we socialized with him and his family apart from any other American military elements. We also invited this leader to our dining facility to eat with us on numerous occasions.  We shared our relevant reports (normally made for US elements only, these reports dealt with our evaluation of his region) with him (unclassified or FOUO) so that he could better understand our role and how the US was attempting to support him–This post is long enough already. I’ll have to come back to this particular topic later.

As a side note, I thought I had a great relationship with this leader after working with him almost daily for months.  One day, he sat back, put his hand above his head and said, “I get what you are doing now.  I understand that you are truly helping me with the Americans.”  This breakthrough was surprising, as I thought we already had a good partnership.  But I had misjudged what was previously accomplished, and the lesson I learned was that not only is trust VERY hard to earn, but also that there are different forms of trust to be accounted for when attempting to partner with leaders in conflict environments.  Only after this point did I realize that I had earned an additional level of trust, and that he allowed me more latitude and access than he afforded any other American.  In fact, I could come to him for advice, as he knew that I was genuinely working to support the Afghans in a way that was within the bounds of their customs.

We brought our research problem regarding education to our partner, and asked him how to best work toward a solution.  He immediately identified the other elders with whom we needed to discuss and work, while providing us with the new Provincial Minister of Education’s (MoE) personal phone number (which we did not previously have on record) and advised us to mention his name when we talked.  He noted that he was also attempting to work with the MoE on education in his district, and although they hadn’t always agreed, he felt the MoE was an honest man.

This process of partnering, and acquiring information about other leaders and the MoE, demonstrated a measure of trust indicating that our partner indeed valued us and our efforts.  Further his validation through providing us with an introduction to other key decision-makers in the province which gave us unique access to a set of leaders that didn’t typically interact with US elements.  We had truly entered through a more culturally appropriate door, as our partner trusted that we would not expose him in a negative light to the other leaders.

Once we were able to make contact with the recommended leaders, we were careful to explain the agenda, set up appointments, and accommodate their schedules as best as possible.  We never showed up unannounced, or uninvited.  With the safety of all involved in mind, we took time to determine their preferred place of meeting, which was critical considering that we lived on an American forward operating base, and could move in heavily protected convoys.  We were remarkably “safer” than those leaders, as they lived in constant threat.  We displayed a respect for their safety when we considered their venue preference.  While these logistical steps seem obvious, we found this level of respect nonexistent in DoS, PRT and US forces attempting to work with local leaders, again relying on domination to achieve goals; US forces prefer to show up unannounced, unscheduled and take over the Afghan leader’s schedule as we set fit.

When we met, the recommended leaders were also accompanied by multiple religious elders.  We didn’t ask them to do this, by the way, but it was something that was required in their culture.  This was also an indicator to us that we approached the problem from the most culturally appropriate angle known to us (and recommended by our Afghan partner who originally set us up for success).  Afghan leaders, when not influenced by Americans, will have a religious leader (mullah) present as they make decisions.

Over the course of several meetings, and after deliberation between the MoE and other family and religious leaders, we were able to ascertain what was expected in terms of US assistance.  Keep in mind that what we were also doing was helping to link family, religious, and political leaders with a valid MoE backed plan to improve education throughout all of Zabul province; a critical element of creating stability wins.

These leaders never asked for money. They never asked us to build another school.  They recognized that we could help, and they also wanted us to help them determine if these programs were working.  They knew we had the capacity, which they knew they did not, to help them measure the success of the program.

What is most telling is that these leaders noted a lack of security, which is a common theme throughout my time in conflicted areas.  Security concerns are superior, and every other effort is subordinate.  This is where you need to pay attention DoS–The MoE asked that he never be seen engaging with the US at his office, as US patrols could only expose him to harm, he and other leaders wanted to reduce the amount of contact between US forces and their children for the same reason.  Moreover, leaders in the district wanted us in the background, as they wanted to see the Afghan government and the MoE doing their job.  They wanted the people living in Zabul Province to see the same–This is setting the stage for believable, culturally based stability win…and there is no photo op.

Our work established the beginnings of a clear plan that meets the requirements for creating stability. It satisfies a test we developed that indicates potential success when conducting non-lethal missions or operations…Is the operation Afghan inspired, Afghan led, Afghan provisioned, and sanctioned by a Mullah?

Is it possible that if DoS had bothered to teach Anne this test or heed our report, that she would still be alive?

Billy Corben: Raw, Dangerous and Real

A post I wrote for LinkedIn
Pete Turner

Break It Down Show Host, Professional Speaker and Cultural Consultant.–What’s your “Ground Truth?”

This week’s, Break It Down Show, features one of my favorite storytellers, Director Billy Corben.  Billy and his partners at Rakontur are masters at making documentaries that rivet us.  Billy has found formulas for telling incredible stories, and opening up people who simply aren’t supposed to talk. Mix in the sexy, sweaty, coke dusted hues of SoFla and we’re all living vicariously through Billy’s subjects.  He’s made documentaries cool, sexy and dangerous.

If Ken Burns uses Tom Hanks’ voice and the souls of long dead men to grab you; Billy’s protagonist is that devil we all have on our shoulder. It’s so much fun watching his subjects pick life in the fast lane, while we wait for the train wreck that follows.  All of his movies are a flume ride, we know everyone is going to get soaked in the end, but oh what a ride.

Beyond the thrills Billy’s documentaries provide, he has a master’s touch at getting his subjects to trust him. Is there a more tightly knit group than the 500 people that live in Everglades City, FL? In, his film, “Square Grouper: The Godfather of Ganja,” Billy easily gets these people to open up and share their story. Then he makes them utterly fascinating. He creates an urge in all of us to have been in Everglades City, or in Miami back in the day.

He also successfully translates the culture of his subjects. In a way, Billy is giving us an ethnography in his films…he makes us see what it’s like to be a smuggler, a cracker, an NFL player, or most recently, a backyard bare knuckle boxer/promoter. I understand someone like DaDa 5000 and his neighbors, because Billy can show us their “ground truth.”

In his movie, Dawg Fight, DaDa 5000 is a man who organizes a group of bare knuckle brawlers who willingly enter the ring in unsanctioned fights for small purses.  The movie is best described as, raw, urban and dangerous. The movie was so real, movie studios were afraid to distribute it; that’s my kind of documentary. West Perrine, the setting, is about 20 mins from downtown Miami, and not the kind of place people with things to lose want to hang.

Yet, we’re drawn into DaDa’s world and we get why these young men fight. We watch and wait for the inevitable with our hands over our eyes. Billy reveals just how hard life is for the people of West Perrine. He illustrates how the fights unite the area. We see DaDa provide something other than despair for the community. The success of his fights even provides a path for the best to have a chance at fighting at a higher level. It may be a non-traditional path, but it’s the only one residents of West Perrine can see. They love and I love what DaDa does for his fighters…I love what Billy does for DaDa.

Billy makes us care about; West Perrine, Everglades City, a hit man and even about sexual assault. That’s someone who knows a great story and tells it without, “screwing it up.”

From a cultural aspect, the best note of Dawg Fight is DaDa preparing for a sanctioned fight. While being briefed before the weigh-in he’s pulled aside by a Florida fight official who warns DaDa that backyard fighting it illegal and dangerous. His message is clear, if the backyard fights continue, someone is going to jail, or going to get hurt. What that official doesn’t realize is, that’s always true in West Perrine; they’d call that life.  The life is what they are fighting to escape even it’s just for 3 rounds.

Thanks for what you do Billy. Your work moves all of us…and for some it moves us to do more.

Better Than a Stipend, It’s About Family

Pete Turner

Break It Down Show Host, Professional Speaker and Cultural Consultant.–What’s your “Ground Truth?”

Better Than a Stipend, It’s About Family

Jon and I posted a 2-part episode this week on, “The Break It Down Show.”  Our guest is DeVone Boggan who heads the Office of Neighborhood Safety (ONS) in Richmond Ca.  The show links are http://bit.ly/1XI9ZGJ and http://bit.ly/24psPqN

I first discovered the ONS program, on an episode of This American Life.  They used DeVone’s program to tell a larger story….and they did a great job…but I wanted to dive deeper.  Once I booked DeVone, I remember bugging Jon quite a bit about how excited I was have DeVone as a guest…DeVone blew past my high expectations.  Even better, DeVone gives the credit to his staff…but more importantly to the brave young men (fellows) who dared to do the impossible.

Why are we paying criminals?

While doing show prep, I read over a dozen articles…what troubled me were the headlines that painted the program as a simple payment to criminals to stop committing crime.

In particular, articles such as The Fiscal Time‘s  Edward Morrissey and American Thinker‘s Rick Moran focused on the stipend aspect of the program…looking at comments after the article, this tact retards productive conversation and ignores the sophistication and success of the program.  We can do better.

More than a stipend, 7 elements

A critical indicator of success for DeVone and his staff is being seen as family by the fellows.  This approach mirrors my experiences in conflict zones….and let’s be honest, young African American or Hispanic males in Richmond are living far from a stable place….what DeVone has developed, works.

Here are the 7 elements of the fellowship:

  1. Meeting, face-to-face with fellows daily, mentoring etc.–in essence becoming part of their life
  2. Having the fellows create a life map–Their plan is coupled with all the appropriate social services available to support “THEIR!” plan, not one designed for them.
  3. More than a plan, a partner to walk it with you, hold you accountable, be there when you want to fail. –Like family would
  4. However well they perform on their plan and fellowship requirements.– BTW, most fellows don’t get paid the full amount–Accountability!!!
  5. Travel, this elements puts rival next to rival on a trip as far as S. Africa.–Traveling as family, makes rivals brothers.
  6. Mentors from outside their sphere, but within their city.–Established elders who provide the long view
  7. The fellows are put into an internship suited to their plan.–Just like an emerging young adult.

Again, we can do better, but we need guys like DeVone to ignore the machine, get on the street and start talking to the people with the problems.

Epilogue

The program has a fabulous record of success. and the Draper Richards Kaplan Foundation thinks so too.  They are funding a national level program called advanced peace.

Give the show a listen, let DeVone show you his passion…and let’s make a difference where it’s so desperately needed.

With Nite Train Bombing the Green Zone

A post I wrote for LinkedIn
Pete Turner

Pete Turner

Break It Down Show Host, Professional Speaker and Cultural Consultant.–What’s your “Ground Truth?”

Everyone is working to create, “partner capacity.” If we are on our game, we are advising and assisting our partners with the intent of improving their condition. This means service members are constantly engaging with local nations through interpreters.

Given that interpreters are a critical node….and considering that we’ve been at “war” for 15 years…it seems that we’d have a professional level capacity for working with and through interpreters…we don’t.

We don’t get this right in the civilian world either.  I’ve trained dozens of professionals that work with and through interpreters.  These professionals say, they figured out how things worked on their own.  Further, they agree that their ability to achieve was compromised.  Finally, most of them note that they should have received better training before they ever began engaging foreign partners. These skills matter and directly impact your business…the same holds true for our military.

The training we receive in the military isn’t better, at best it’s outdated and pedestrian. If, and it’s not a certainty, if a service member receives training on using a translator, the class lacks any depth, nor is there a standard.  The main point of the training focuses on avoiding being tricked or deceived by your interpreter.  While detecting deception is an important consideration; it’s the wrong orientation-a nod to my J Boyd people.  Unfortunately, the training doesn’t discuss how to create a positive relationship or rapport with your interpreter.  Frankly, we treat interpreters like shit.

Why does this matter?

In modern combat, interpreters are massive force multipliers. Further, when they are not used to their fullest potential, units fail.  I can say with confidence that our level of “success” in both Iraq and Afghanistan correlates directly to our inability to leverage interpreters to their potential.

Interpreters are much more than mouthpieces. Their native level understanding of language, culture, religion and social norms are invaluable and something no service members can replicate on their own.  I like to say, “You can’t out Iraq an Iraqi.”  Whether in combat or in business, we can all learn a lot from Nite Train.

Head over to www.breakitdownshow.com and check out our show with my man Nite Train…he gives us real insight into what it means to support a unit at the highest level…and how fleeting success and stability remain.

 

Why We Wanted to Talk to Monsanto

Pete Turner

Break It Down Show Host, Professional Speaker and Cultural Consultant.–What’s your “Ground Truth?”

Why We Wanted to Talk to Monsanto

My co-host on the Break It Down Show, Jon and I are about to post what is likely our most provocative show to date.  Our guest for the episode is  Monsanto associate Ty Vaughn.  Why did we decide to talk to Monsanto?

Here is a link to the show http://bit.ly/1EkOgKj

First, both Jon and I don’t like simply working from assumptions…we want to understand how systems work. We want to examine how and why people do what they do.  There is always more to the story, when we investigate.  Success is rare for those who aren’t working extraordinarily hard towards something.  These are great stories. We wanted to see what Monsanto was really doing.

Second, we’ve both seen posts on social media sites that Monsanto is “evil.”  If I’m being completely candid, hyperbole like this makes me dig in my heels and look for answers.  Monsanto may be the most evil company on earth for a lot of people…However, before I agreed with that assumption, I wanted to hear from the source.  That thought, “Are they evil?” began the pre-production process for this episode.

I reached out to Monsanto and what do you know, they responded back and we began a dialogue.  This dialogue required me to challenge my own preconceptions.  I also had to allow Jon to be comfortable with Monsanto as a  guest.  As  Jon and I worked through or own personal objections, we figured out how we wanted to approach the show.

A quick aside–When I advise on cultural issues, I frequently note that feeling uncomfortable or confused in cross-cultural settings is normal and a positive sign.  I knew the dissonance I was feeling meant we were in a good space to learn and  intersect with Monsanto’s culture.

Our interview was going to be a dance. We can’t simply corner Monsanto and pound away with the same rhetoric we’ve read on social media sites.  We also can’t simply provide a bully pulpit for the company.  From the beginning, we were open with our intentions.  We were gong to ask fair but tough questions.  We weren’t gong to ambush them, or be disrespectful.  We wanted to foster a conversation.  Also, we’d have listen…and allow Monsanto to describe some of the things on the “good” side of their ledger.

What we found was a company that underestimated the importance of messaging.  A company that, like most, preferred to stay within their own culture rather than endure the cost of investing in cross culturally communicating.  A company that was able to admit mistakes; can we do the same?

Additionally, a company that is growing because of their support to farmers. A company that is trying to figure out how to feed the world as we grow from 7.5 billion to 10, 15 even 20 billion people.  A company that responds, directly to the needs and questions of farmers.  A company that recognizes global climate change, loves and supports science and wants to be part of the climate change solution. They are a company that was willing to talk…to you, to us…to anyone who has the guts to chat?

So, let’s get started.  Check out Ty, Jon and myself on the Break It Down Show.

Problems In Helmand

Taliban Fighters Surrender In HeratBLUF: In modern conflict one only wins if they are able to achieve affects militarily, socially, culturally and politically.

The later three are mostly ignored in most modern conflict endeavors. Our training, both military and Department of State, has no capacity to teach/train our people how to win this fight.

As I write these blogs, I’m often asked to comment on stories that are published. I understand why, much of what you hear isn’t clear or told in a manner that truly conveys the whole story. This is normal…and to be expected. In this week’s blog I’ve been ask to comment on https://soundcloud.com/bbc-world-service/afghan-taliban-not-as-big-a

First, the Taliban is likely losing battles. However, the interviewer is correct in doubting the long-term success. The enduring capability of the Afghan police and military are yet to be determined.

My experience tells me that long term growth for the military is possible; however, progress thus far is rather difficult to measure. Keep in mind we are well past 10 years into this endeavor. Ten years of teaching and training should net a pretty significant level of competence…should. However, this doesn’t seem to be the case in most of Afghanistan. Why? That is another blog post…

Second, a critical point is raised in the interview. The local Taliban leaders are from the region. This leaves an indelible mark on the perception of the populace. We have to also realize that this makes the Taliban leaders local or family. Family means survival.

Also, the Taliban were the government before our arrival. If they are still there and exerting power, what has changed for the populace? In Helmand after 10 plus years of fighting, if the Taliban leaders are still there, still wielding power, are they not the local government? Haven’t they proven, to the locals that they will always remain in power?

Even if the Taliban have fled certain areas, the long term security is doubted by locals. Why? We have to go back to capacity. The ability of the police to arrest, try and convict is not sufficient to warrant any confidence from Afghans. When we get to the “ground truth” we see a police force that doesn’t itself believe it can put people in jail. One of things I hope we’ve learned in both Iraq and Afghanistan is that simply arresting people in hopes of gaining some sort of stability is folly.

Actually this practice of knocking in doors and arresting “criminals” only to release them creates anger with the populace. This anger begets more bombs. We’ll cover more on this topic in another blog.

Forget the capacity of the police and Afghan army. The Taliban, while not desirable, is the leading force in the region and in many others of Afghanistan. Now what do we do to change that?

Let’s look at this from another angle. What does the government effectively do for the population? If the governor is able to provide services, it’s possible they will eventually accept Afghan governmental (known as GIRoA) rule as dominant. If the local government is failing, then it’s highly unlikely that they are seen as anything more than puppets.

In most cases, the government does little if anything at all for the people. I’ve talked to farmers and villagers; they do not see GIRoA as an effective government. Also, many families (again Family = survival) are self governing. They ensure they have water, food and work. There isn’t a rural family in Afghanistan that has survived without family/tribal support. Now…go find me a rural family that survives because of GIRoA support.

Waiting….

It takes years to eventually make a government “legitimate” with its people. Our training does little (and that’s kind) to promote the social movement of the population towards the government. By not focusing early on this factor, we’ve done little to help our partners establish a government of, for and by the people. We are great at putting the pieces together, building a fledgling government. Our ability to see this strategic vision is tremendous. However, it’s a government with no foundation.

Finally, if the government is in active talks with the Taliban, isn’t it safe for locals to assume that Taliban influence is going to remain in their region? If family = survival. If family = Taliban. If the government is fighting the Taliban…what is our expected outcome?

Still waiting…

US perceptions vs. reality

A game of chicken – US and Afghan troops take back road held by Taliban
What makes organizations miss so badly on the things they try to do?
Over the last few blogs I have hammered away at Glevum Associates. I’d like this blog to be the 3rd part of that discussion. Instead of critiquing the accuracy of Glevum Associates and DoS, I’d like to help you see the “ground truth.” Revealing how our American culture causes us to make poor decisions and negatively impacts our operations.
It’s easy to look at one’s own work and feel confident that you have gotten things right. You’ve prepared, you’ve worked hard and then poured your heart and soul into the work. You’ve applied the academic/doctrinal answers you’ve spent your career learning. You might even have not one but several degrees from prominent schools. Why wouldn’t you be successful?
However, when an outsider looks critically at operations as a whole, it’s often clear that success hasn’t been won. If anything, the desired effect has not only gone missing, but what is left behind is actually the opposite, and the operations have created less stability (This is the “Dynamic of Stability Operations)
Here is an example. At one of the Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) offices in southern Afghanistan is a picture of an operation. It captures a moment when the PRT worked to help open the main route to a district (the alternate route was a more mountainous road that slowed travel). Both routes were controlled by the Taliban. By closing the main route they better denied access to governmental assistance, prevented military access and allowed the Taliban to monitor/harass the residents.
The route opening was a major area of concern for the people in the district. The PRT went out, opened the route and claimed the “win.” Days later the operation failed. The route had been closed for 10 years. After the PRT’s operations it remained open for less than a month. Yet for the PRT that was considered a win. Let me put this a different way…the PRT introduced “New Coke,” and thought so highly of the product that they kept the branding images up on the walls at headquarters as a measure of their success.
This example and many others have taught me that at the tactical level, any task requires a significant amount of effort to get right. It’s never as simple as, “build it and they will come.”
This type of trap ensnares all of us, not just those of us that work in Afghanistan or Iraq. I’m just as guilty as the rest. What makes me and those like me different from others is that we have learned to see these problems. We do our work not wondering what “to do,” but rather asking “how” we accomplish our goals both strategically and tactically within the accepted norms of our partners. We also seek to understand our partners’ goals and barriers. Then and only then can we slow down enough to not dominate and work from assumptions.
Americans are a force. We can come in and we provide help. Our impulse is to desperately want everyone to like us and be better off because “we were there.” We’re also highly educated and feel as though we have answers before we ever understand the nature of the problems.
This combination helps make us insufferable to those who have to endure our “help.” They’ll tolerate us, and might even like us individually, but as a group we are often times exhausting. Many Americans will deny their involvement in this…that begs the question, why are you different from anyone else? Why are you ideas original? How have you managed to come up with a solution so obvious yet your predecessors (who received the same training) failed to see it? This last question in particular haunts me every time I feel like I’ve found an answer. If I have truly found a nugget, then surely my idea is resilient enough to withstand some tough questions. If not, then the idea fails the test and back to work we go to find solutions.
We must accept these realities before we can become more collaborative. My views expressed here, my lens, were formed from actual conversations with US workers and locals and their leaders, and from my experience. We Americans are consistently out of synch with the views and needs of the very people we want to help. We don’t understand their culture, and we certainly don’t understand how to constructively influence their “infrastructure of the mind.” Yet, we so confidently think we know what to do next, and then we mark of another “win” on the wall. We have such a passion to help; we’re compelled to work before we think. Again, before we decide to “do” anything, we must understand what we are up against. There are no simple solutions without a lot of painstaking work to interact with the locals.
So what are my tests allow me to detect when we are over estimating our contribution?
When I listen to my counterparts (and again, I’m just as guilty) I listen for the errors in logic that are common. I test for collaboration vs. contempt. I listen for their verbs when they discuss partnership. Are the verbs they chose dominating? or collaborative verbs. Do my peers speak with ease about their relationship with elders—do they even have relationships with elders outside of their scope of work? Are they full of contempt for these people or ignorance? Or are they respectful and knowledgeable of the load they bear on a daily basis.
We must always remember that the people of Afghanistan and Iraq have endured tremendous hardship. Their trust is hard won and easily lost. Our peers preceding us have likely cost us the ability to do our jobs as quickly as we expect. This isn’t because they are bad people, it’s because settling conflict zones and standing up a government is not easy work.
If we don’t adapt to their relationship based means of decisions making, they WILL NOT adapt to or comprehend ours.